On an exceptional basis, after the withdrawal date, the Union invites the United Kingdom to participate, in the context of the EU delegation, in meetings or parties to the meetings of these institutions, where the Union considers that the UK`s presence is necessary and is made in the interests of the Union, including for the effective implementation of these agreements during the transitional period; this presence is only permitted if the participation of Member States is authorised by the existing agreements. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  The agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   2. In the event that the EU and the United Kingdom reach agreement on their future relations in the areas of the common foreign and security policy and the common security and defence policy that comes into force during the transitional period, Chapter V of the TUE and the acts adopted on the basis of these provisions no longer apply to the United Kingdom from the date of implementation of this agreement. On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. Before the withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic relations between the EU and the UK were not separated overnight. The agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, when the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which time EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will continue to be part of the EU internal market and the EU customs union. During this transition period, the EU and the UK are negotiating their future relations.
The political declaration on future relations, adopted by both sides, accompanies the withdrawal agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations. (8) A subsequent agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom indicates the parts of this protocol it replaces. As soon as a subsequent agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom enters into force after the withdrawal agreement enters into force, this Protocol does not apply, in whole or in part, from the date of application of this subsequent agreement and in accordance with the provisions of this agreement, which specify the consequences of that agreement on it. Obligations arising from the agreements between the European Union and the United Kingdom of 29 November 2018 on citizens` rights to citizens` rights in terms of citizens` rights, tobacco and other products, environmental cooperation and police and customs cooperation, as well as the agreement reached on 29 November 2018 on the conclusion of an agreement on taxation and the protection of financial interests. With regard to the Irish border issue, there is a northern Ireland protocol (the “backstop”) that is attached to the agreement, which establishes a position of withdrawal that will only come into force if effective alternative arrangements are not demonstrated before the end of the transition period.